APMG has done substantial work around creating an enabling environment for key populations. This involves talking about, preventing and addressing the potential barriers to HIV, SRH and broader health programs and services that key populations experience. We work at program level to raise awareness and assist local address of human rights and gender inequity, and also engage with national and global partners on projects related to these issues in support of policy and law reform.
Contributing to the development and implementation of effective policy at national level is a complex process. Whilst the Policy Cycle sets out a neat progression from Agenda Setting, to Development and Enactment, to Implementation and Enforcement and then to Monitoring and Evaluation, the reality on the ground is often not this straight forward. Policy dialogue that exists within countries is often much more complex and haphazard than the cycle reflects. New theories of policy development and change are arising to account for this. APMG’s work in policy is focused around ‘streams’ of influence and action – the problem stream, the politics stream and the policy stream. Under the Policy Stream framework, problems are awarded attention at specific times for a range of reasons, with their solutions often having a political dimension and advocates taking advantage of ‘windows of opportunity’ to influence the choice of solutions.